Non-Combat Military Helicopter Accidents 1985-2005: Causation and Mitigation Recommendations
Follow this link to view four presentations addressing non-combat military helicopter mishaps during the period 1985-2005. This is believed to be the first time this information has been released by the Department of Defense and the applicable service branch safety centers for public use. The presentations cover class A, B and C helicopter mishaps within the US Air Force, the US Army (one presentation covers mishaps in which human factors played a leading role; the other describes non-human factor mishaps); and the US Navy/US Marine Corps. The presentations are the work product of Colonel Peter Mapes, USAF, and the respective authors, and do not necessarily represent the views of the DoD, the safety centers or the four service branches. The presentations will be reviewed and validated, to the extent possible, by the International Helicopter Safety Team, whose charter is to reduce the world accident rate, both civil accidents and non-combat military mishaps, by 80 percent by 2016.
Helicopter Mishaps During the Period 1985-2005
Bio of Colonel Peter B. Mapes, USAF, MC, CFS
Pilot Physician, Readiness Programming & Assessment Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel & Readiness)
Col. Mapes was recently assigned to serve as the Pilot Physician, Readiness Programming and Assessment, in the office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. His portfolio includes the epidemiological study of military mishaps and the development of targeted interventions to reduce mishaps, save lives and preserve equipment. Col Mapes also serves as a member of Aviation Safety Improvement Task Force Working Groups on Safety Technology and Human Factors and has done so since 2004.
Col Mapes developed the methodology, which made the business case for Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT), and he teamed with the Safety Technology Working Group to produce the formal business case report, which brought the Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance System back as a funded program and targeted it to fighter aircraft. He also superintended a twenty-one year analysis of all DoD rotary wing mishaps and developed targeted interventions designed to preserve lives and equipment. Col Mapes vision for safety throughout DoD includes Joint oversight of Service mishap data collection, Joint analysis of systems common to more than one Service in DoD and the inclusion of safety analysis and human system integration in the acquisition process – including the development and funding of requirements based on safety experience.
Col Mapes is both a Command Pilot and a Chief Flight Surgeon. He has logged over 10,000 hours as a pilot and nearly 1,000 hours as a flight surgeon. He was awarded his Air Force pilot wings at Craig AFB in July of 1977 and was an Outstanding Graduate from B-52 Combat Crew Training School. In 1981 he was the Junior Officer of the Year in the 379th Bombardment Wing and he was a distinguished graduate from Squadron Officer School. He graduated from the Uniformed Services University, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine in 1986 and completed a Transitional Internship at Andrews AFB. He served as Chief of Flight Medicine and Chief of Aeromedical Services at the base level from 1987 to 1990 after which he was accepted into the Pilot Physician Program. As a Pilot Physician he continued to serve in B-52s and was awarded the Mackay Trophy in 1994 with the rest of his B-52 crew E-21 for the outstanding military flight of the year and the Malcolm Grow Award as the Air Force Flight Surgeon of the Year. He completed a Master of Public Health Degree in 1995 and residencies in both Aerospace and Occupational Medicine in 1996 and 1997 respectively, passing boards in each. He has served as a Squadron Commander in Air Combat Command, Operations Staff Branch Chief at Air Education and Training Command and researcher both at the European Office of Aerospace Research and Development and the Air Force Research Laboratory. He is a Fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association and received the Harry C. Moseley Award for 'significant contribution to flight safety' in 2006.
Col Mapes has completed both Air Command and Staff College and Air War College by correspondence. He is married to Colonel Nona Irene Mapes, USAFR and they have three children. The Mapes family hails from Oscoda, Michigan.